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1. How many different textures are there available in stone?
Polished Ė This is a shiny smooth finish.
Honed Ė  Semi-polished to a matte finish, but still completely smooth.
Antiqued Ė Brushed to a very textured ďleather-likeĒ finish.
Tumbled- Very rustic look with rough edges and corners. Material is actually put into a rock tumbler to get this rugged look.
Other less popular rough finishes are; sandblasted, flamed, and chiselled.

2. Can you use marble for a kitchen counter?
Yes, but because marble is a soft material, acids (i.e. lemon juice, tomato juice, wine, vinegar) will etch the surface. Etching is more visible on polished marble than it is on marble that has either a honed or an antiqued finish. While marble in a kitchen is more likely to etch, stain and scratch. These markings are what give the marble the used/ worn look.

3. Is honed granite less durable than polished granite?
Honing granite opens up the pores of the material, so sealing is critical. As long as your material is well-sealed with a penetrating sealer, the durability isnít affected by the finish.

4. What are the differences between 3/4″ (2cm) and 1 1/4″ (3cm) slab material for countertops?
There is no difference in the durability of one thickness over the other. The choice of thickness is a personal preference. The cost of the 2cm material is less, but the labour is more because the most of the edges require lamination for the edge (to build it up). The cost for 3cm material is more, but the cost for labour is less because laminating the edge is not required since it is already thicker.

5. How much does a slab weigh?
It depends on the thickness. At 13 pounds per square foot, the average ĺĒ (2cm) slab weighs 600-700 pounds. At 20 pounds per square foot, the average 1 ľĒ (3cm) slab weighs 1000-1200 pounds

6. What happens if I donít need a whole slab?
In most cases you still have to buy a whole slab but check with Prestige Granite Design as they may have an off cut / remnant you require that will be less expensive.

7. Where can I use travertine?
Travertine, like marble, is more susceptible to acid etching so it might not be the best choice for a kitchen countertop. Itís a durable flooring material that doesnít show a wear pattern like polished stone, and itís a popular choice for all surfaces in a bathroom. Exterior applications of travertine can be questionable depending on your climate. As with any other stone, it must be sealed periodically.

8. Where can I use slate?
Slate can be used anywhere because of its textured finish, however, countertops might be questionable because of the uneven surface. Slate is a popular flooring material because it offers slip resistance. Some slates are dense enough to be used for exterior applications even in climates with extreme temperature variations.

9. How often should my stone be resealed?
Depending on the brand of sealer you use and whether your stone is on an interior or exterior surface, your stone should be re-sealed anywhere from every six months to every five years. If your stone isnít beading water, or if you can see that water is making the stone darker, you need to re-seal the stone.  Recommended sealers are available for purchase at Prestige Granite Design.

10. Can I seal my own stone or do I have to have someone do it for me?
Depending on the size and area that requires sealing, you may want to seal the stone your self, just follow the manufacturerís directions carefully. Prestige Granite Design recommends that our experienced staff seal your counters so that we may properly clean off any build up prior to re-sealing.

11. What should I use to clean my stone?
Either use mild soap and water, or a pH neutral cleaner. A revitalizer is approved for food surfaces and has a small amount of sealer in the mix to help extend the life of the initial seal. Acid or alkaline products can seriously damage some stones, so using those types of products is not recommended.

12. What is the difference between natural stone and quartz-based countertop material?
The difference between the two is that the quartz-based material is a man made product. It is made from natural stone with a petroleum-based resin mixed in to hold it all together. Many manufacturers of these man-made products down sell the durability of natural stone and claim high maintenance being the cause. In fact, granite is primarily composed of feldspar and quartz, which is what these products are made from, but granite doesnít have the resin in the mix. People generally select man-made products for colors that arenít available in granite. The installed price between the two products is different, quartz being more expensive.

13. Can I cut on my Granite Countertops?
Yes, you certainly can. Granite is a very hard surface though, and in most cases itís harder than the material your knife blades are made of. If you choose to do so, expect that you will be buying knives more often if you plan to cut on your countertop.

14. Can I put hot things on my Granite Countertops?
Yes. Granite generally withstands heat up to about 900 degrees. Softer stones canít handle the heat like granite, so on those surfaces, itís recommended that you use a trivet.

15. When looking for bathroom materials (vanity, flooring,  shower) can anything be used such as Travertine, Marble and Granite?
Any natural stone can be used for those surfaces. Polished surfaces tend to be slippery when wet, therefore honed, tumbled and textured may be a safer choice for the floors.

16. Why is there mesh on the back of some slabs? Does this mean those slabs arenít good quality or does it make them cheaper?
Some materials that have more veining and are more delicate are meshed so that during shipping and fabrication they donít break. Once these materials are installed, they are perfectly fine.

17. Where does most of the stone come from?
The stones come from many countries all over the world. The primary countries are Italy, Brazil, India, Canada, Argentina, Madagascar, Greece and Norway.

18. What makes one material more expensive than another?
There are many factors that go into establishing costs of each material but here are some just to name a few; Transportation to arrive in Canada , the US Dollar and conditions of  how the material is quarried. Materials that come from countries with extreme temperatures like parts of Norway, Newfoundland or Africa are more expensive because the quarries are only open certain times of the year. Material that contains precious or semi-precious stones are typically more expensive.

19. Why is there a glue-like residue on the edges of marble and granite slabs?
A coat of epoxy resin is either rolled on by hand or applied by high tech machinery, then heated to harden. The slabs are then sent through a series of diamond and synthetic abrasive lines that remove 99% of the resin, leaving a highly polished product virtually free of defects. This enables consumers to have more selection of colors that were not available years ago, as well as a product that will never be duplicated by any man-made solid surface.

20. How is the stone cut?
The huge blocks of stone are excavated from the earth / mountains and hauled to manufacturing locations where they are cut by a series of large saws. They are then polished and shipped to us.

21. What makes up the different colors?
There are a variety of factors that make up the color, pattern, and density of any given stone. The types of minerals and other impurities in the stone are big factors in the color hue of a material. The method of formation is a determining factor in the pattern and density, which ranges from igneous, meaning it was once molten and formed as it cooled, to sedimentary. Customers are welcome to visit our warehouse when making their colour selection.

22. How do I care for my natural stone surface?
Most types of stones need to be sealed just after installation prior to regular use and are very easily maintained after that. A mix of mild soap and water along with a clean water rinse is all it really needs.








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